There are some good reasons to look at each census.
For the 1900 and 1910 census record images, a woman number of births, and number of living children are noted. Not always, but in most cases. This is a great way to determine the number of children, born, and those that you have been able to trace. Leaving un-named children to be found.
Determining the place of birth, and place of death will determine if you can find further information.
On the 1900 census, carefully review lines # 11 and 12. This is for children born, and children living.
Here is the 1900 census for Mary I Scott. From this census, she only had one child born, and one child living.
Also, on line # 10, it indicates the number of year married.
The above illustrates the discovery of Isabella Scott - niece, Robert Jennings - nephew, Hannah J Jennings - sister.
Isabella Scott, I had trouble trying to determine here parents, but she has to be a daughter of one of George Scott's bother's. George Scott, being the husband of Mary I Scott, and the father of George William Jennings Scott. I also could not find her in the 1910 census. That is until another member contacted me telling me they thought my Isabella Scott was their Isabella Scott was married to Arthur Emerson Briney. I will discuss her in another article.
Continuing on to 1910 census. On line # 10, years married. It also listed on lines # 10 and 11, the number of children born and the number of children living.
Here is George W Scott and Marietta Scott in 1910.
Now another discovery of another niece, Jessie McCoubrie.
From previous research: Anne I Scott married Raymond McCoubrie. So I can explore with further research. Jessie McCoubrie is Raymond McCoubrie's sister.
Then if the second case scenario, you may find others living in the household as boarders. Boarders can sometimes turn out to be relatives of a different surname.
The third is that of relatives listed such as nieces, nephews, cousins, father-in-laws, mother-in-laws, etc.
Those can be fun to sort out. For myself, I have learned to create a new tree or branch to search and explore until I can determine how they fit into the bigger picture, and how they are related to the person in which they are listed in the household. This is mostly for those listed as nieces, nephews, and cousins. In-laws can be helpful as that in itself leads to maiden names. Or for a brother-in-law, that will also reveal a woman's maiden name.
Here is a good reason why one should actually look at and review the census records. Here is the discovery of two more Scott's. Hannah Scott, and Margaret Scott. First in 1910 listed as nieces, then in 1920 a boarders, and 1930 as cousins. And from find a grave, Margaret Scott is buried with the Cummins family in Church Hill Cemetery 1884-1950. Now since, they were in Philadelphia, that narrows it down to two possible deaths from the Pennsylvania death index for Margaret Scott. Then, I will have a better idea of how Hannah and Margaret are related to the Cummins family, and if they are part of my Scott line, or another line entirely. Thomas Cummins was half-brother of Catherine Dorman Scott. He was the son of Thomas Cummins and Ann Cummins Dorman nee Gray. Catherine Dorman Scott was the daughter of John Dorman and Ann Cummins Dorman nee Gray.
Now in the household of Thomas Cummins for 1910
From the above Hannah Cummins had eight children of which 5 were living. The 3 unknown children would have been born and died in Durham, England prior to arrival in the US.
Hannah and Margaret Scott are listed as nieces.
In 1920 Hannah and Margaret Scott are listed as boarders.
In 1930 Margaret Scott is listed as a cousin.
Further along, one clue leads to another. I have from Scotland, Select Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950 about Hannah Isabel Scott.
Following the clues:
Margaret Scott's death certificate.
Now it confirms Robert William Scott and Margaret Jane Brydon Scott as parents. Then I am on the correct trail.
From the UK, Outward Passenger Lists, 1890-1960
I find both Margaret and Hannah Scott departed the UK and arrived together in the US in 1906.
The Pittsburgh Press - 11 Jun 1950 Margaret Jane Scott, page 40
One phone call to the cemetery for plot information for Margaret Jane Scott. It yielded her plot information, and the date of burial. With that information, I then was able too search the Pennsylvania Death Indices to pinpoint which of the two Margaret Scott's who died in Philadelphia was her. With a date of death, I was able to search and find an death notice for Margaret Scott. The Pittsburgh Press - 11 Jun 1950, Margaret Jane Scott, page 40.
Margaret Scott - find a grave
Searching Hannah Isabel Scott, I find a marriage:
This enables further research in finding her with Frederick Landon in New York.
Then the final clues: Utica NY Daily Press - Hannah Landon obituary. Her obituary tells the day she died and also has the year her husband died. It also tells where she is buried.
Utica NY Daily Press - Hannah Isabel Scott Landon obituary
Hannah Landon - find a grave
Linking memorials without a parent:
Person's name, < a href = http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid = USE MEMEORIAL NUMBER HERE > Name of Person </a>
Eliminate the spaces in the above hyperlink.
These are a few examples of looking at a census and how to interpret and decipher possible clues which lead to further research of family members. Don't just click and add, look at, and review each census record. See what you can find!
Now going further back to the household of Thomas Cummins. I look at the 1900 census.
Here I see how many children are born and the number of children living to confirm the information in the 1910 census.
Then, I also see a Mary Dorman listed as a daughter, but for the age, she cannot be a daughter. Looking at other information, I determine it is Thomas Cummins and Catherine Scott Dorman's half sister.
Now you can see how Hannah and Margaret Scott are related to the Cummins family. Now, it is whether or not the father Robert William Scott is in any way connected to my 3rd great grandfather, George Scott. Only time will tell.
Allegheny Ancestry and Genealogy Trails.